Diabetes is a disease in which blood sugar is higher than normal. It occurs because there is little insulin. or the body does not respond to insulin This makes sugar unable to be used normally. Symptoms include frequent urination, frequent thirst, weight loss. Long-term results can cause diabetic retinopathy, kidney disease, heart disease and hardening of the arteries, and others.
Aims in food control
- To control sugar levels, blood fats, and blood pressure to normal levels. or as close to normal as possible
- Get enough nutrients and energy but not more than your body needs.
- Control your weight to be within standard limits.
- Prevent or delay the development of diabetes complications.
- Have a good quality of life Able to work normally in society
Food can be divided into 3 simple categories:
Foods to avoid These are foods that cause blood sugar to rise quickly, including:
Foods that contain sugar such as cakes, cookies, ice cream, desserts, and chocolate.
Beverages containing sugar such as sugary drinks, soft drinks, yoghurt, flavored milk, fruit juices, and energy drinks. and mineral salt water. ทางเข้า https://ufabet999.com/
Candied fruit, dried fruit, honey and candy if you want to consume sweet food. You can use artificial sugar.
Foods that can be eaten but the quantity should be specified.
Starchy foods and starch products
such as rice, bread, taro, potatoes, corn, noodles, vermicelli, Chinese noodles, and various beans. When eaten, this group of foods Will be broken down into sugar. and absorbed into the body to be used as energy But if it exceeds the demand, it will cause high blood sugar and fat. and can be followed by obesity Therefore, the quantity must be limited. It is recommended to eat 6-11 servings per day. 1 serving of flour includes 1 ladle of steamed rice or 3 tablespoons of sticky rice, half a cup of khanom jeen/noodles/glass noodles, 1 slice of pound bread, 1 block of noodles, and half a cup of potatoes/taro/pumpkin.
include meat, eggs, milk, dairy products (butter, cheese), tofu, and dried beans. The body needs protein. in growth and repair worn parts But if you eat too much protein The kidneys must work harder to excrete waste products from protein degradation. It can cause kidney dysfunction. And many types of meat contain fat. and have high cholesterol Therefore, you should eat lean meat, no skin, and eat 3-5 portions of protein per day, including 2 tablespoons of meat (all meat), 1 small mackerel, 6 medium-sized shrimp, 6 meatballs, and hard tofu. Sheet, 3/4 tubes of tofu, 1 egg, half a cup of cooked dried beans.
include animal fat, fatty animal skins, vegetable oils, butter, margarine (margarine) and coconut milk. In addition to providing energy and helping with the absorption of vitamins, they also make food more flavorful. But if eaten in excess, it will cause high blood fat. Leads to obesity, heart disease and hardened arteries. It is recommended to avoid animal fat, coconut milk, coconut oil, palm oil and use vegetable oil. that are low in saturated fatty acids, such as soybean oil, rice bran oil, corn oil, olive oil, and limit the amount to 3-5 portions per day. 1 portion of fat includes 1 teaspoon of oil/butter/margarine/mayonnaise, 1 tablespoon of coconut milk, and 10 peanuts. Seeds: 6 cashew nuts
in addition to containing vitamins High in mineral salts and dietary fiber, it also contains sugar. Therefore, you must limit the amount you eat to no more than 3 portions per day. And it is fresh fruit, not candied, fermented, pickled, or with dips. 1 banana/khai banana, 1/2 banana, 1 tangerine, 3 rambutans/mangosteen, 2 apples, 10 grapes, half a mango/guava, 3 grapefruit, 7-8 bites of ripe papaya, half an apple/pear 10 pieces of melon, 10 pieces of pineapple
Milk and products
You should drink low-fat plain milk. 1-2 cups of unflavored yogurt per day, or as a source of protein and calcium, no more than 1 cup of unflavored, low-fat yogurt per day.
Some types of alcohol
contain a lot of carbohydrates, such as beer, wine, and sweet liquors. They may cause blood sugar levels to rise. If you drink alcohol on an empty stomach May cause low sugar levels. This is because alcohol inhibits the production of glucose by the liver. In addition, if you drink too much, it will cause high blood fat. Especially triglycerides.
causes high blood pressure. Because salt causes the body to retain more water. It is recommended to consume no more than 2000 milligrams/day (1 teaspoon of salt, 4 teaspoons of fish sauce). Additionally, you should avoid foods that contain salt, such as fermented foods, instant noodles, packaged porridge, and crispy baked goods.
Unlimited food It is a food that provides low energy and has a lot of fiber, including:
All types of green leafy vegetables
Various spices such as garlic, pepper
Tea, coffee without added sugar Sugar-free soft drinks (but should not exceed 2 glasses per day)
Seasonings such as lemon, vinegar